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Nr 1(9) (2022): Alcumena. Pismo Interdyscyplinarne – Alcumena. Interdisciplinary Journal

Szczególne role dwuizbowego parlamentu i demokracji bezpośredniej w systemie politycznym Szwajcarii

maja 29, 2022


The Swiss political system is an extremely specifc management model, unparalleled in practically any other country in the world. It is a unique parliamentary committee system. The only organs that directly legitimize the public are the lower and upper houses of the Swiss Parliament, known as the National Council and the Council of Cantons. Both chambers have extensive systemic powers unparalleled anywhere else in the world. There is a kind of „safety valve” in the Swiss political system. They are the citizens themselves, whose voices may challenge the decision of the representative bodies that are strong in the political system. The voice of the citizens is indispensable for the conclusion of the legislative process. However, the widespread use of forms of direct democracy also has negative repercussions.